Desde Prometeo hasta la proteomica, una breve historia de las ideas sobre el crecimiento tisular/From Prometheus to proteomics, a brief history of ideas on tissue growth

  • Claudio G. Barbeito

Resumen

RESUMEN Durante muchos siglos, la regulación del crecimiento de los órganos y los tejidos se relacionó con su función y con la temperatura, esta última se asociaba con la llegada de sangre al órgano. Con el surgimiento de la biología experimental y la endocrinología, en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, comenzaron a realizarse experimentos para explicar el crecimiento de los tejidos. Se estableció por entonces el efecto estimulante de las hormonas. En la primera mitad del siglo XX, surgieron distintos modelos que proponían la existencia de estimulantes e inhibidores del crecimiento, tanto de acción local como general. A partir de 1962 se desarrolló el concepto de chalonas para referirse a inhibidores del crecimiento específicos de tejido pero no de especie, veinte años después el término cayó en el olvido para ser retomado recientemente, en una forma renovada. Con el descubrimiento de los factores de crecimiento, se demostró que las sustancias reguladoras son de acciones más variadas y complejas. El modelo actual de la regulación del crecimiento incluye numerosas sustancias de efectos y mecanismos de acción muy variados que a su vez están en relación con los efectos del medio ambiente.

 

ABSTRACT For many centuries, regulation of organ and tissue growth was thought to be related to function and temperature, the latter was associated with the arrival of blood to the organ. With the beginning of experimental biology and endocrinology, in the second half of the nineteenth century, the first experiments to explain tissue growth were carried out. By that time, the stimulant effect of hormones was established. In the first half of the twentieth century, different models that stated the existence of growth stimulants and inhibitors with local and general action arose. Since 1962, the concept of chalone was developed to refer to growth inhibitors specifi c of tissue but not of species. Twenty years later, the term was forgotten but it has been retaken with a new sense recently. With the discovery of growth factors, it was demonstrated that regulatory substances have complex and varied actions. The current model of growth regulation includes substances with a wide range of effects and action mechanisms that are integrated and responsive to the environment.

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Publicado
2011-03-27
Cómo citar
Barbeito, C. G. (2011). Desde Prometeo hasta la proteomica, una breve historia de las ideas sobre el crecimiento tisular/From Prometheus to proteomics, a brief history of ideas on tissue growth. Revista Argentina De Antropología Biológica, 12(1), 3-14. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.unlp.edu.ar/raab/article/view/351
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