A man from San Juan: facial approximation within anthropology/Un hombre de San Juan: aproximación facial en antropología

  • Susan Hayes

Resumen

ABSTRACT Within both anthropology and forensic identification, a facial approximation (also known as "facial reconstruction") is often presented as an accomplished fact, with minimal, or no evidence of the research and methods used to achieve the result. This paper presents a detailed overview of the research and methods used for a 2D computer graphic facial approximation of a prehistoric man unearthed in the Jachal Valley, San Juan Province, Argentina. Understood to be a member of the extinct Huarpe, this individual's skull displays many of the morphological features that are consistent with what is known about this group of early Amerindian farmers. Because many of the recommended methods that inform this facial approximation have yet to be verified, and those that have been appropriately tested are based on statistical averages of human variation, the results need to be viewed as indicative of this individual's possible facial appearance using current levels of knowledge, rather than as a definitive result.

RESUMEN Dentro de la antropología y la identificación forense, la aproximación facial (también conocida como "reconstrucción facial") se presenta frecuentemente como un hecho consumado, con evidencia mínima de las investigaciones y los métodos usados para alcanzar los resultados. Este trabajo presenta un panorama detallado de la investigación y los métodos usados para realizar una aproximación facial grafica en 2D de un hombre prehistórico del valle de Jachal, provincia de San Juan, Argentina. Se entiende que corresponde a un miembro del extinto grupo Huarpe. El cráneo del individuo muestra numerosos rasgos morfológicos que son consistentes con lo que se conoce acerca de este grupo de agricultores tempranos americanos. Debido a que muchos de los métodos utilizados en esta reconstrucción facial aun no han sido verificados y aquellos que han sido debidamente probados se basan en promedios estadísticos de la variación humana, los resultados presentados deben ser vistos como indicativos de la posible apariencia facial del individuo dado el nivel actual de conocimiento, más que como un resultado definitivo.

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Publicado
2011-08-18
Cómo citar
Hayes, S. (2011). A man from San Juan: facial approximation within anthropology/Un hombre de San Juan: aproximación facial en antropología. Revista Argentina De Antropología Biológica, 13(1), 71-81. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.unlp.edu.ar/raab/article/view/403
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Trabajos Originales