El cambio climático frente al derecho internacional




Palabras clave:

cambio climático, derecho internacional, justicia climática, conflicto multinivel


Mediante un enfoque crítico, este ensayo documenta los principios del derecho internacional que inciden en el cambio climático. Enseguida se identifican los recursos disponibles para que los Estados e individuos exijan el cumplimiento de las obligaciones en materia del cambio climático y se valoran sus posibilidades de éxito. Finalmente, se adelanta un nuevo enfoque que ayudaría a solucionar los conflictos de manera más efectiva.


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Biografía del autor/a

Jesús Francisco Ramírez Bañuelos, ITESO

Abogado y maestro en Gestión de Servicios Públicos en Ambientes Virtuales por la Universidad de Guadalajara, México. Master en Derecho Penal Internacional por la Universidad de Granda, España.  M2 en Historia del pensamiento jurídico contemporáneo por la Universidad Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Francia. Actualmente es profesor de Política exterior mexicana en Iteso, México.



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Legislation and Cases

African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (2001). Communication 155/96. The Social and Economic Rights Action Center and the Center for Economic and Social Rights v Nigeria. https://www.achpr.org/public/Document/file/English/achpr30_155_96_eng.pdf

Armando Ferrão Carvalho and Others v. The European Parliament and the Council (8 May 2018). ECLI:EU: T:2019:324 (People’s Climate Case).

Ashgar Leghari v Federation of Pakistan. September 14, 2015.W.P. No. 25501/2015.

Case concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v Uruguay) (Judgment). 2010. ICJ Rep 14, 55.

City of Los Angeles v. Nhtsa, 912 F.2d 478 (D.C. Cir. 1990).

Climate Change Act 2002 (New Zealand).

Climate Change Act 2008 (United Kingdom).

Climate Change Act 2014 (Kenya).

Constitution of the Portuguese Republic. 2005.

Constitution of the Republic of Costa Rica. 1949.

Constitution of the Republic of South Africa. 1996.

Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972).

Declaration of Ethical Principles in relation to Climate Change (2017).

Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (1972).

Dep’t of Nat. Res., 335 P.3d 1088, 1092. Kanuk ex rel. Kanuk v State. (Alaska 2014).

Foster v Wash. Dep't of Ecology, No. 75374-6-I (Wash. Ct. App. Sep. 5, 2017).

Funk v Wolf, 158 A.3d 642 (Pa. 2017).

Greenpeace Australia Ltd v Redbank Power Pty Ltd (1994) 86 LGERA 143.

I/A Court H.R., Advisory Opinion OC-23/17 of November 15, 2017, requested by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Republic of Colombia on the environment and human rights, OC-23/17. November 15, 2017. https://www.refworld.org.es/docid/5ade36fe4.html

Juliana v United States, 339 F. Supp. 3d 1062, 1105 (D. Or. 2018).

Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1997)

Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons (Advisory Opinion) (1996) ICJ Rep 226. 242 (para 29).

Lviv Circuit Admin. Court. Environment-People-Law v Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and National Agency of Environmental Investments (2009).

Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency, 549 U.S. 497, 127 S. Ct. 1438, 167 L. Ed. 2d 248 (2007).

Paris Agreement (2015).

Petition to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Seeking Relief from Violations of the Rights of Arctic Athabaskan Peoples Resulting from Rapid Arctic Warming and Melting Caused by Emissions of Black Carbon by Canada Submitted by the Arctic Athabaskan Council on Behalf of All Arctic Athabaskan Peoples of the Arctic Regions of Canada and the United States (2013) (pending). http://blogs2.law.columbia.edu/climate-change-litigation/wp-content/uploads/sites/16/non-us-case-documents/2013/20130423_5082_petition.pdf

Responsibilities and Obligations of States Sponsoring Person and Entities with Respect to Activities in the Area (Advisory Opinion, Order of 1 February 2011) ITLOS Reports 2011, 10 (Responsibilities in the Area).

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (1992).

Sanders-Reed v Martinez, 350 P.3d 1221, 2015 NMCA 63 (N.M. Ct. App. 2015).

Segovia et., al. vs. the Climate Change Commission, ey., al., G.R. No. 211010, 7 March 2017.

Supreme Court of Pakistan. Ali v. Federation of Pakistan (2016); Ridhima Pandey v India. March 2017.

The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law. Ethyl Corporation v The Government of Canada, (1997).

The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law. Methanex Corporation v United States of America, (1999).

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992).

United Nations Treaty Collection, 7. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Status as at December 29, 2020 11:15:24 EDT. https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetailsIII.aspx?src=IND&mtdsg_no=XXVII-7&chapter=27&Temp=mtdsg3&clang=_en#EndDec

Urgenda Foundation v The Kingdom of the Netherlands (2015) HAZA C/09/00456689 (June 24, 2015).

Washington v. Glucksberg, 521 U.S. 702, 117 S. Ct. 2258 (1997).

WTO, Brazil, Measures Affecting Imports of Retreaded Tyres. Status Report by Brazil. Addendum, WT/DS332/19/Add.6. 15 September 2009.

WTO, Canada, Certain Measures Affecting the Renewable Energy Generation Sector. Communication from Canada WT/DS412/19 WT/DS426/19. 6 June 2014.

WTO, China. Measures Concerning Wind Power Equipment. Request to join consultations. Communication from Japan WT/DS419/3. 19 January 2011.

WTO, India. Certain Measures Relating to Solar Cells and Solar Modules. Recourse to article 21.5 of the DSU by India - Request for the establishment of a panel, WT/DS456/20. 29 January 2018.

WTO, United States. Import Prohibition of Certain Shrimp and Shrimp Products. Appellate Body Report and Panel Report pursuant to Article 21.5 of the DSU. Action by the Dispute Settlement Body, WT/DS58/23. 26 November 2001.



Cómo citar

Ramírez Bañuelos, J. F. (2021). El cambio climático frente al derecho internacional. Revista Electrónica De Derecho Internacional Contemporáneo, 4(4), 017. https://doi.org/10.24215/2618303Xe017