Enfermedad degenerativa articular y uso del cuerpo en Rincón Chico 21 (Santa María, Catamarca)/Degenerative joint disease and body use in Rincón Chico 21 (Santa María, Catamarca)

  • Mario A. Arrieta
  • Osvaldo J. Mendonça

Resumen

RESUMEN Este trabajo se centra en el análisis de cambios osteoartrósicos observados en esqueletos del cementerio de Rincón Chico 21 (Santa María, Catamarca), con el objeto de intentar la reconstrucción de los hábitos corporales más probables y explorar su vinculación con eventuales divisiones del trabajo en la población que generó este cementerio precolombino. Las manifestaciones osteoartrósicas en los principales sistemas articulares de 56 individuos adultos de ambos sexos fueron registradas, analizadas y comparadas. Los resultados sugieren que en esta comunidad con una economía de subsistencia principalmente basada en la práctica de agricultura de regadío y pastoreo de camélidos (Desarrollos Regionales), habría existido una división de tareas y/o actividades potencialmente relacionadas con el sexo de los individuos. Asimismo, los análisis estadísticos aplicados entre los grupos etarios considerados estarían indicando que la edad constituiría un factor determinante en la expresión final de la enfermedad degenerativa articular tanto en las articulaciones de los miembros inferiores como en las del esqueleto axial.

ABSTRACT This research is centered on the skeletal analysis of osteoarthritic changes observed in individuals from Rincón Chico 21, a prehistoric burial site at Santa María, Catamarca, Argentina. The aim was to try the reconstruction of the most probable corporal behaviours, as well as the possible relationships with labour divisions among individuals from the population that generated the prehistoric cemetery. Osteoarthritic manifestations on the main articular systems of 56 systematically excavated adult skeletons of both sexes were registered, analyzed and compared. Results suggested that in this prehistoric community, with subsistence economy based on agriculture and pastoralism (Regional Developments Period), there may have existed a sexual division of the daily activities. In addition, the results of the statistical analysis applied among the age groups indicate that the age would be an important factor for determining the final expression of the degenerative joint disease, both in the joints of the lower extremities and in the axial skeleton.

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Cómo citar
Arrieta, M. A., & Mendonça, O. J. (1). Enfermedad degenerativa articular y uso del cuerpo en Rincón Chico 21 (Santa María, Catamarca)/Degenerative joint disease and body use in Rincón Chico 21 (Santa María, Catamarca). Revista Argentina De Antropología Biológica, 13(1), 03-17. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.unlp.edu.ar/raab/article/view/369
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