Influencia del estatus socioeconómico (SES) sobre la variabilidad antropométrica en estudiantes universitarios del País Vasco (España) / Influence of socioeconomic status in anthropometric variability in university students (Basque Country, Spain)

  • Esther Rebato
  • María J. Muñoz-Cachón

Resumen

Los estudios sobre el impacto del estatus socioeconómico (SES) en las dimensiones corporales tienen una amplia tradición científica, ya que la variabilidad y evolución de estas son un reflejo del bienestar poblacional. El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar el efecto del nivel socioeconómico (SES) sobre un conjunto de variables antropométricas que describen el tamaño, la forma y la composición corporal, en una muestra de 1105 estudiantes universitarios de ambos sexos (18 a 33 años de edad), residentes en el País Vasco. El nivel socioeconómico (SES) de cada individuo se evaluó a partir de la profesión y nivel de estudios de sus progenitores, y su influencia sobre las dimensiones antropométricas se analizó con metodología multivariada. El SES influyó notablemente sobre la estatura (en particular la profesión paterna) y la circunferencia de la cadera en ambos sexos. En los varones, el índice de masa corporal (IMC), el porcentaje de grasa (%G) y la endomorfia también están influenciados por el SES. En general, los individuos de mayor nivel socioeconómico son más altos, tienen menores valores del IMC y de las variables de adiposidad, y una morfología más longilínea. Destaca la mayor sensibilidad de los fenotipos masculinos frente a los indicadores de tipo socioeconómico y la menor variabilidad antropométrica de las mujeres respecto a dichos factores.

Palabras clave: nivel social (SES); rasgos antropométricos; somatotipo antropométrico

Studies on the impact of socioeconomic status (SES) on body dimensions have an extensive scientific tradition, since their variability and evolution are a reflection of population welfare. The aim of this work is to study theeffect of socioeconomic status (SES) on several anthropometric traits describing size, shape, and body composition, in a sample of 1105college students of both sexes (18-33 years old) living in the Basque Country. Socioeconomic status (SES) of each individual was estimated from their parents’ profession and educational level, and its influenceon anthropometric dimensions was analyzed with multivariate methodology.SES significantly influenced height (in particular the father profession) and hip circumference in both sexes. In males, body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (%BF), and endomorphy were also influenced by SES. In general, individuals of higher socioeconomic status are taller, have lower values of BMI and of adiposity variables, and a more longilinear morphology. The greater sensitivity of male phenotypes in relation to socioeconomic indicators and the low anthropometric variability of women regarding these factors are to be noted.

Keywords: socioeconomic status (SES); anthropological traits; anthropometric somatotype

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Métricas

Cargando métricas ...

Citas

Bailey DA, Carter JE, Mirwald RL 1982. Somatotypes of Canadian men and women. Hum Biol 54:813-828.

Ballard-Barbash R, Berrigan D, Potischman N, Dowling E. 2010. Obesity and cancer epidemiology. En: Berger NA, editor. Energy balance and cancer. New York: Springer-Verlag, LLC. p 1-44. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-5515-9_1

Batty GD, Shipley MJ, Gunnell D, Huxley R, Kivimaki M, Woodward M, Lee CM, Smith GD 2009. Height, wealth, and health: an overview with new data from three longitudinal studies. Econ Hum Biol 7:137-152. doi:10.1016/j.ehb.2009.06.004

Bielicki T, Charzewski J 1977. Sex differences in the magnitude of statural gains of offspring over parents. Hum Biol 49:265-277.

Boldsen JL, Mascie-Taylor CGN. 1990. Evidence for maternal inheritance of female height in British national sample. Hum Biol 62:767-772.

Buffa R, Succa, V, Garau D, Marini E, Floris G 2005. Variations of somatotype in eldery Sardinians. Am J Hum Biol 17: 403-411. doi:10.1002/ajhb.20141

Camhi S., Bray GA, Bouchard C, Greenway FL, Johnson W, Newton RL, Ravussin E, Ryan DH, Smith SR, Katzmarzyk PT. 2011. The relationship of waist circumference and BMI to visceral, subcutaneous, and total body fat: sex and race differences. Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:402-408. doi:10.1038/oby.2010.248

Carrascosa Lezcano A, Fernández García JM, Fernández Ramos C, Ferrández Longás A, López-Siguero JP, Sánchez González E, Sobradillo Ruiz B, Yeste Fernández D y Grupo Colaborador Español. 2008. Estudio transversal español de crecimiento 2008. Parte II: valores de talla, peso e índice de masa corporal desde el nacimiento a la talla adulta Ann Pediatr (Barc) 68:552-569. doi:10.1157/13123287

Carter JEL, Heath BH. 1990. Somatotyping development and applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cole TJ. 2003. The secular trend in human physical growth: a biological view. Econ Hum Biol 1:161-168. doi:10.1016/S1570-677X(02)00033-3

Davy SR, Benes BA, Driskell JA. 2006. Sex differences in dieting trends, eating habits, and nutrition beliefs of a group of midwestern college students. J Am Diet Assoc 106:1673-1677. doi:10.1016/j.jada.2005.07.017

De Muinich Keizer SM, Mul D. 2001. Trends in pubertal development in Europe. Hum Reprod Update 7:287-291.

Dornbusch SM, Carlsmith JM, Duncan PD, Gross RT, Martin JA, Ritter PL, Siegal-Gorelick B. 1984. Sexual maturation, social class and the desire to be thin among adolescent females. J Dev Behav Pediatr 5:308-314.

Drewnowski A, Specter SE. 2004. Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs. Am J Clin Nutr 79:6-16.

Duvigneaud N, Wijndaele K, Matton L, Deriemaeker P, Philippaerts R, Lefevre J, Thomis M, Duquet W. 2007. Socio-economic and lifestyle factors associated with overweight in Flemish adult men and women. BMC Public Health 7:23. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-23

Eveleth PB, Tanner JM. 1990. Worldwide variation in human growth. New York: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511629105

Frisancho AR. 1990. Anthropometric standards for the assessment of growth and nutritional status. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Gordon E, Tobias PV, Mendelsohn D, Seftel H, Howson A. 1987. The relationship between somatotype and serum lipids in male and female young adults. Hum Biol 59:459-465.

Gray JP, Wolfe LD. 1980. Height and sexual dimorphism of stature among human societies. Am J Phys Anthropol 53:441-456. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330530314

Griffiths JF, Miller JH, Suzuki DT, Lewontin RC, Gelbart WM. 1996. An introduction to genetics analysis. New York: WH Freeman and Company.

Gunnell D, Oliver SE, Donovan JL, Peters TJ, Gillatt D, Persad R, Hamdy FC, Neal DE, Holly JMP. 2004. Do height-related variations in Insulin-like growth factors underlie the associations of stature with adult chronic disease? J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:213-218. doi:10.1210/jc.2003-030507

Gustafsson A, Werdelin L, Tullberg BS, Lindenfors P. 2007. Stature and sexual stature dimorphism in Sweden, from the 10th to the end of the 20th century. Am J Hum Biol 19:861-870. doi:0.1002/ajhb.20657

Ibáñez ME, Poveda A, Goñi F, Rebato E. 2014. Análisis del somatotipo y estado nutricional en adultos de Vizcaya. España. Rev Soc Esp Antrop Fís 35:11-21.

Jelenkovic A, Ortega-Alonso A, Rose RJ, Kaprio J, Rebato E, Silventoinen K. 2011. Genetic and environmental influences on growth fro
10 ferences of rural adolescents. Body Image 4:103-108. doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2006.11.005

Kalichman L, Livshits G, Kobyliansky E. 2004. Association between somatotypes and blood pressure in an adult Chuvasha population. Ann Hum Biol 31:466-476. doi:10. 1080/03014460412331281728

Kanazawa S, Novak D. 2005. Human sexual dimorphism in size may be triggered by environmental cues. J Biosoc Sci 37:657-665. doi:10.1017/S0021932004007047

Kaplowitz P. 2006. Pubertal development in girls: secular trends. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 18:487-491. doi:10.1097/01.gco.0000242949.02373.09

Karlberg J. 2002. Secular trends in pubertal development. Horm Res 57:19-30. doi:10.1159/000058096

Katzmarzyk PT, Malina RM. 1998. Obesity and relative subcutaneous fat distribution among Canadians of first nation and European ancestry. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 22:1127-1131.

Kautiainen S, Koivisto AM, Koivusilta L, Lintonen T, Virtanen SM, Rimpela A. 2009. Sociodemographic factors and a secular trend of adolescent overweight in Finland. Int J Pediatr Obes 4:360-370. doi:10.3109/17477160902811173

Komlos J. 1994. Stature, living standards and economic development: essays in anthropometric history. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Kuk JL, Lee S, Heymsfield SB, Ross R. 2005. Waist circumference and abdominal adipose tissue distribution: influence of age and sex. Am J Clin Nutr 81:1330-1334.

Leonardo Mendonça RC, Sospedra I, Sanchís I, Mañes J, Soriano JM. 2012 Comparison of the somatotype, nutritional assessment and food intake among university sport and sedentary students. Med Clin (Barc) 139:54-60. doi:10.1016/j.medcli.2011.03.034

Liebman M, Cameron BA, Carson DK, Brown DM, Meyer SS. 2001. Dietary fat reduction behaviors in college students: relationship to dieting status, gender and key psychosocial variables. Appetite 36:51-56. doi:10.1006/appe.2000.0383

Lohman TG, Roche AF, Martorell R. 1988. Anthropometic standardization reference manual. Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Malina RM, Bouchard C. 1991. Growth, maturation, and physical activity. Champaign: Human Kinetics. Malina RM, Katzmarzyk PT, Song TMK, Theriault G, Bouchard C. 1997. Somatotype and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy adults. Am J Hum Biol 9:11-19. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-6300(1997)).1<11::AIDAJHB3>3.0.CO;2-T

Marini E, Racugno W, Borgognini-Tarli SM. 1999. Univariate estimates of sexual dimorphism: the effects of intrasexual variability. Am J Phys Anthropol 109:501-508. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199908)109:4<501::AID-AJPA6>3.0.CO;2-7

Martikainen PT, Marmot MG. 1999. Socioeconomic differences in weight gain and determinants and consequences of coronary risk factors. Am J Clin Nutr 69:719-726.

Matijasevicha A, Howeb LD, Tilling K, Santos IS, Barrosa AJD, Lawlorb DA. 2012. Maternal education inequalities in height growth rates in early childhood: 2004 Pelotas birth cohort study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 26:236-249. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3016.2011.01251.x

Mirhosseini NZ, Shahar S, Ghayour-Mobarhan M, Parizadeh MR, Yusoff NA, Shakeri, MT. 2012. Body fat distribution and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in adolescent Iranian girls. Iran J Pediatr 22:197-204.

Molarius A, Seidell JC, Sans S, Tuomilehto J, Kuulasmaa K. 2000. Educational level, relative body weight, and changes in their association over 10 years: an international perspective from the WHO MONICA Project. Am J Public Health 90:1260-1268. doi:10.2105/AJPH.90.8.1260

Muñoz-Cachón MJ, Salces I, Arroyo M, Ansotegui L, Rocandio AM, Rebato E. 2007. Body shape in relation to socio-economic status in young adults from the Basque country. Coll Antropol 31:963-968.

Muñoz-Cachón MJ. 2013. Análisis de la composición corporal y percepción de la propia imagen de la población universitaria del País Vasco. Tesis Doctoral. Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU).

Poveda A, Ibáñez ME, Rebato E. 2014. Obesity and body size perceptions in Roma population. Ann Hum Biol 41:428-435. doi:10.3109/03014460.2014.882411

Quintana-Domeque C, Bozzoli C, Mariano Boschs B. 2012. The evolution of adult height across Spanish regions, 1950-1980: a new source of data. Econ Hum Biol 10:264-275. doi:10.1016/j.ehb.2011.08.004

Rebato E, Rosique J, Vinagre A, Salces I, San Martín L, Susanne C. 2001. Nutritional status related with socioeconomic level in an urban sample from Bilbao (Basque country). Am J Hum Biol 13:668-678. doi:10.1002/ajhb.1105

Roche AF, Sun SS. 2003. Human growth: assessment and interpretation. New York: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511525681

Rogers I, Emmett P. 2003. The effect of maternal smoking status, educational level and age on food and nutrient intakes in preschool children: results from the Avon longitudinal study of parents and children. Eur J Clin Nutr 57:854-864. doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601619

Ruff C. 2002. Variation in human body size and shape. Annu Rev Anthropol 31:211-232. doi:10.1146/annurev.anthro.31.040402.085407

Salas-Salvadó J, Rubio MA, Barbany M, Moreno B, Grupo Colaborativo de la SEEDO. Consenso SEEDO’2007 para la evaluación del sobrepeso y la obesidad y el establecimiento de criterios de intervención terapéutica. Med Clin (Barc) 128: 184-96. doi:10.1002/ajhb.20141

Salces I, Rebato E, Slachmuylder JL, Vercauteren M, Rosique J, Susanne C. 2003. Genetic and environmental sources on familial transmission in Basque families. II. Stature, weight and body mass index. Ann Hum Biol 30:176-190. doi:10.1080/0301446021000035047

Salces I, Rebato E, Susanne C. 2006.The influence of maternal occupation on mother-child vs. father-child resemblance. En: Bharati P, Manoranjan P, editores. Gender disparity: its manifestations, causes and implications. New Delhi: Anmol Publications Pvt.Ltd. p 35-52.

Sánchez E, Carrascosa A, Fernández JM, Ferrández A, López D, López-Siguero JP. 2011. Estudios españoles de crecimiento: situación actual, utilidad y recomendaciones de uso. An Pediatr (Barc) 74:193-196. doi:10.1016/j.anpedi.2010.10.005

Schulze MB, Stefan N. 2011. The body adiposity index and the sexual dimorphism in body fat. Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:1729. doi:10.1038/oby.2011.153

Shen W, Punyanitya M, Silva AM, Chen J, Gallagher D, Sardinha L, Allison DB, Heymsfield SB. 2009. Sexual dimorphism of adipose tissue distribution across the lifespan: a cross-sectional whole-body magnetic resonance imaging study. Nutr Metab (Lond) 6:17-26. doi:10.1186/1743-7075-6-17

Silventoinen K. 2003. Determinants of variation in adult body height. J Biosoc Sci 35:263-285. doi:10.1017/S0021932003002633

Siri WE. 1961. Body composition from fluid spaces and density: Analysis of methods. En: Brozeck J, Henschel A, editores. Techniques for measuring body composition. Washington DC: National Academy of ScienceNational Research Council. p 223-244.

Sociedad Española para el Estudio de la Obesidad (SEEDO) 2000. Consenso SEEDO’2000 para la evaluación del sobrepeso y la obesidad y el establecimiento de criterios de intervención terapéutica. Med Clin (Barc) 115:587-597. doi:10.1016/S0025-

Stini WA. 1982. Sexual dimorphism and nutrient reserves. En: Hall RL, editor. Sexual dimorphism in Homo sapiens. New York: Praeger. p 391-419.

Stini WA. 1986. Reductions in body size and the preservation of genetic variability in tropical populations. En: Roberts DF, De Stefano, editores. Genetic variation and its maintenance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p 253-262.

Stinson S, Bogin B, Huss-Ashmore R, O’Rourke D. 2012. Human biology. An evolutionary and biocultural perspective. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell. doi:10.1002/9781118108062

Stinson S. 1985. Sex differences in environmental sensitivity during growth and development. Yearb Phys Anthropol 28:123-147. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330280507

Tanner JM. 1994. Introduction: Growth in height as a mirror of the standard of living. En: Komlos J, editor. Stature, living standards, and economic development. Essays on anthropometric history. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. p 1-9.

Ulijaszek S, Komlos J. 2010. From a history of anthropometry to anthropometric history. En: Mascie-Taylor CGN, Yasukouchi A, Ulijaszek S, editores. Human variation: from the laboratory to the field. New York: Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. p. 183-197. doi:10.1201/9781420084740-c12

Wagner GP, Booth G, Bagheri-Chaichian H. 1997. A population genetic theory of canalization. Evolution 51:329-347.

Wang Z, Heo M, Lee RC, Kotler DP, Withers RT, Heymsfield SB. 2001. Muscularity in adult humans: proportion of adipose tissue-free body mass as skeletal muscle. Am J Hum Biol 13: 612-619. doi:10.1002/ajhb.1099

Wardle J, Waller J, Jarvis MJ. 2002. Sex differences in the association of socioeconomic status with obesity. Am J Public Health 92:1299-1304. doi:10.2105/AJPH.92.8.1299

Weiner JS, Lourie JA. 1981. Practical human biology. London: Academic Press Inc.

Wells JCK. 2007. Sexual dimorphism of body composition. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 21:415-430. doi:10.1002/ajhb.22223

Wood AR, Esko T, Yang J, Vedantam S, Pers TH, Gustafsson S et al. 2014. Defining the role of common variation in the genomic and biological architecture of adult human height. Nat Genet 46:1173-1186. doi:10.1038/ng.3097

Wronka I, Pawlinska-Chmara R. 2005. Menarcheal age and socio-economic factors in Poland. Ann Hum Biol 32:630-638. doi:10.1080/03014460500204478

Zhang Q, Wang Y. 2004. Trends in the association between obesity and socioeconomic status in U.S. adults: 1971 to 2000. Obes Res 12:1622-1632. doi:10.1038/oby.2004.202
Publicado
2016-03-14
Cómo citar
Rebato, E., & Muñoz-Cachón, M. J. (2016). Influencia del estatus socioeconómico (SES) sobre la variabilidad antropométrica en estudiantes universitarios del País Vasco (España) / Influence of socioeconomic status in anthropometric variability in university students (Basque Country, Spain). Revista Argentina De Antropología Biológica, 18(1). Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.unlp.edu.ar/raab/article/view/2223
Sección
Trabajos Originales