Restricciones de desarrollo y selección natural: una perspectiva teórica y epistémica desde la teoría de la complejidad/Developmental constraint and natural selection: a theoretical and epistemic perspective from complexity theory

  • Vicente Dressino Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Argentina

Resumen

RESUMEN La utilización del término “restricciones” (constraints) en biología incluye todos los niveles de organización y es aplicado a diversas disciplinas. Esto genera numerosas confusiones debido a la vaguedad del término en referencia a las distintas particularidades en que es utilizado. Y en general, no se justifica de forma adecuada por qué se utiliza este término y en qué sentido es usado. Asimismo, cuando se analiza el término “restricción” desde la perspectiva de la complejidad, asume un significado más difuso. El objetivo del presente trabajo es realizar un análisis de los problemas teóricos que presenta el uso de las restricciones de desarrollo, su relación con otros tipos de restricciones y con el concepto de selección natural. Se concluye que el término “restricción de desarrollo” es innecesario y polisémico. Asimismo, su capacidad explicativa es dudosa y no corroborable con los métodos científicos actuales.

PALABRAS CLAVE crecimiento; evolución; problemas teóricos; filosofía de la biología; teoría de la complejidad

 ABSTRACT The use of the term “constraint” in biology has reached all the organization levels and it is applied to different disciplines. This has led to several confusions due to the vagueness of the term in reference to different particularities in which it is used. And, in general is not justified in an appropriate manner why is using this term and in what sense it is used. Also, when the term “constraint” is analyzed from the perspective of complexity, more diffuse is its significance. The objective of the present work is to make an analysis of the theoretical problems that presents the use of constraints of development, its relation with other types of constraints and with the concept of natural selection. It is concluded that the term “developmental constraint” is unnecessary and polysemic. Also, its explanatory power is questionable and can not be tested with current scientific methods.

KEY WORDS growth; evolution; theoretical problems; philosophy of biology; complexity

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Publicado
2013-07-29
Cómo citar
Dressino, V. (2013). Restricciones de desarrollo y selección natural: una perspectiva teórica y epistémica desde la teoría de la complejidad/Developmental constraint and natural selection: a theoretical and epistemic perspective from complexity theory. Revista Argentina De Antropología Biológica, 15(1), 37-46. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.unlp.edu.ar/raab/article/view/675
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