Relación entre tratamiento hormonal, cirugía-ortodoncia maxilofacial, traumatismos y malformaciones craneofaciales y la asimetría fluctuante

  • Mirsha Emmanuel Quinto Sánchez Centro Nacional Patagónico
  • Celia Cintas
  • Virginia Ramallo
  • Caio Cesar Silva de Cerqueira
  • Jorge Gomez-Valdés
  • Victor Acuña-Alonzo
  • Kaustubh Adhikari
  • Paola Everardo
  • Francisco de Avila
  • Carla Jaramillo
  • Williams Arias
  • Macarena Fuentes
  • Tábita Hünemeier
  • Carla Gallo
  • Giovani Poletti
  • Javier Rosique
  • Lavinia Schuler-Faccini
  • Maria Catira Bortolini
  • Samuel Canizales-Quinteros
  • Francisco Rothhammer
  • Gabriel Bedoya
  • Andres Ruiz-Linares
  • Rolando Gonzalez-José

Resumen

En este trabajo se evalúa la relación entre la asimetría fluctuante facial (AFF) y los tratamientos hormonales, cirugías maxilofaciales, ortodoncia, traumatismos y malformaciones. En el marco del proyecto CANDELA, se tomaron cinco fotografías faciales de 3162 voluntarios entre los 18 y 85 años. Por fotogrametría se colocaron 34 landmarks o puntos en 3D y mediante el método Procrustes ANOVA se obtuvieron valores individuales de asimetría fluctuante facial. Se realizó una prueba de ANOVA de una vía y la prueba de Welch y Levene para conocer las diferencias entre media y varianza de los valores de asimetría facial y las variables respuesta. También, se caracterizó la variación morfológica del componente asimétrico de la forma facial mediante técnicas multivariadas sobre los grupos que resultaran diferentes significativamente. Las mujeres que reportaron haber recibido algún tipo de tratamiento hormonal mostraron mayores valores de asimetría fluctuante facial respecto al grupo sin tratamiento. Esta asociación se mantuvo una vez removido el efecto de la ancestría genética y sin interactuar con el resto de variables incluidas en el análisis. Los cambios morfológicos asociados a este factor se concentran en el mentón, maxilar labio inferior, región perifrontal, región nasal y orejas. Algunos trabajos anteriores dieron cuenta de la posible relación entre la asimetría facial y los niveles de hormonas, pero no hay estudios que sustenten la relación causal o directa entre la asociación aquí planteada. El presente trabajo es una evidencia más de la asociación entre el consumo de hormonas y modificaciones de caracteres faciales en para poblaciones urbanas mestizas latinoamericanas.

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Publicado
2017-12-15
Cómo citar
Quinto Sánchez, M., Cintas, C., Ramallo, V., Silva de Cerqueira, C. C., Gomez-Valdés, J., Acuña-Alonzo, V., Adhikari, K., Everardo, P., de Avila, F., Jaramillo, C., Arias, W., Fuentes, M., Hünemeier, T., Gallo, C., Poletti, G., Rosique, J., Schuler-Faccini, L., Bortolini, M. C., Canizales-Quinteros, S., Rothhammer, F., Bedoya, G., Ruiz-Linares, A., & Gonzalez-José, R. (2017). Relación entre tratamiento hormonal, cirugía-ortodoncia maxilofacial, traumatismos y malformaciones craneofaciales y la asimetría fluctuante. Revista Argentina De Antropología Biológica, 20(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.17139/raab.2018.0020.01.06
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